What we should know about our pelvic floor and what we could do in order to prevent or fix the problems.
A healthy pelvic floor allows us to sneeze, laugh and jump without losing urine or having the feeling that it might happen. Pain-free sex and easy defecation is also a sign of a healthy pelvic floor. Often, after giving birth or with ageing, our pelvic floor becomes weaker but the good news is that we can do something about it.
Muscles of a healthy pelvic floor can contract and relax. This activity promotes blood circulation which is necessary to keep the muscles and vaginal tissues healthy. Healthy pelvic tissue can react appropriately (e.g. to sneezing) and increase our sensation during sex (orgasm). The muscles of the pelvic floor can be trained like all other muscles. It is important to perform exercises correctly and regularly. Specially trained physiotherapists and osteopaths can help you evaluate the condition of your pelvic floor and give advice on how to strengthen your muscles. If you experience discomfort or your symptoms do not decrease after doing regular exercises you might suffer from a hyperactive pelvic floor. In this case individual treatments are available with pelvic health therapists to release the pelvic muscles.
Some pelvic floor training tools can enhance your daily practice. Please visit a pelvic health specialist prior to using them.
Non-invasive treatments are very effective when dealing with pelvic floor dysfunctions.
How does the pelvic floor work?
Our pelvic floor is located between the pubic bone and the coccyx. When this muscular network is healthy, it supports our pelvic organs (bladder, uterus, intestines) like a small hammock by keeping them in their natural position.
A properly activated pelvic floor has a functional connection with the deep abdominal muscles. Therefore good abdominal musculature has a positive influence on the pelvic floor and vice versa.
The muscles of the pelvic floor can be activated consciously and unconsciously and also play an important role during sex.
There is a distinction made between the external pelvic floor and the internal (deep) pelvic floor.
The external pelvic floor muscles are strong and contract quickly but have little endurance. These muscles are responsible for spontaneous and intensive contractions like sneezing or jumping. You can find these muscles easily by trying to stop your urine flow.
The deep pelvic floor muscles are mainly responsible for supporting the position of the organs and the endurance of the pelvic floor system.
When our pelvic floor is healthy we can enjoy laughing, running, jumping and sneezing without a sense of insecurity.